Publications

  1. W. E. Dowling, et al., “Development of a Carburizing and Quenching Simulation Tool: Program Overview,” 2nd International Conference on Quenching and Control of Distortion, eds, G. Totten, et al., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, pp 349-355, 1996.
  2. C. Anderson, et al., “Development of a Carburizing and Quenching Simulation Tool:  Numerical Simulations of Rings and Gears,”  2nd International Conference on Quenching and Control of Distortion, eds, G. Totten, et al., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, pp 377-383, 1996.
  3. D. Bammann, et al., “Development of a Carburizing and Quenching Simulation Tool:  A Material Model for Carburizing Steels Undergoing Phase Transformations,” 2nd International Conference on Quenching and Control of Distortion, eds, G. Totten, et al., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, pp 367-375, 1996.
  4. B. L. Ferguson, G.J. Petrus, M.L. Callabresi, and T. Pattok, “Predicting Residual Stress and Distortion in Steel Components Due to Heat Treatment,” 40th Mechanical Working & Steel Processing Conference Proceedings, v. XXXVI, Pittsburgh, PA, pp637-646, 1998.
  5. B. L. Ferguson, G. J. Petrus, and T. Pattok, “A Software Tool to Simulate Quenching of Alloy Steels”, The 3rd International Conference on Quenching and Control of Distortion, ASMI,  pp 188-200, 1999.
  6. B. Lynn Ferguson, G.J. Petrus and A.M. Freborg, “Software to Predict Distortion of Heat Treated Components”, Final Report USAAMCOM TR 99-D-11, Army Contract DAAH10-99-C-0013, July, 1999.
  7. B.L. Ferguson, et al., “Intensive Quenching of Steel Rings”, ASMI HTS Conference Proceedings, November, 1999.
  8. B.L. Ferguson, A.M. Freborg and G.J. Petrus, “Software Simulates Quenching”, Heat Treating Progress, ASMI, pp H31-H36  August, 2000.
  9. A.M. Freborg, B.L. Ferguson, and R. Larson, “Using Computer Simulation to Improve a Carburization Process”, Proceedings of 20th Heat Treating Society Conference, ASMI, St. Louis, October 9-12, 2000.
  10. B. Lynn Ferguson and Andrew M. Freborg, “A Design Tool for Tuning and Optimizing Carburizing and Heat Treat Processes”, SAE Paper 2002-01-1475, 2002.
  11. B.L. Ferguson, A.M. Freborg, G.J. Petrus, and M.L. Callabresi, “Predicting the Heat-Treat Response of a Carburized Helical Gear”, Gear Technology, pp 20-25, Nov/Dec, 2002.
  12. A.M. Freborg, et al., “Intensive Quenching Theory and Application for Imparting High Residual Surface Compressive Stresses in Pressure Vessel Components”, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, ASME, May, 2003.
  13. B.L. Ferguson and A.M. Freborg, “High Strength, Affordable Helicopter Gears”, REDCOM TR 04-D-29, Final Report on SBIR Contract W011W6-040C-0022, US Army AATD, June 30, 2004.
  14. B.L. Ferguson, Z. Li and A.M. Freborg, “Modeling Heat Treatment of Steel Parts”, Computational Materials Science, v34, pp 274-281, 2004.
  15. Z. Li, B.L. Ferguson, and A.M. Freborg, "Data Needs for Modeling Heat Treatment of Steel Parts", MS&T Confernece Proceedings, pp 219-226, 2004.
  16. Andrew M. Freborg, Zhichao Li, and B. Lynn Ferguson, "Improving the Bending Fatigue Strength of Carburized Gears", MS&T Confernece Proceedings, pp 227-234, 2004.
  17. A.M. Freborg, B.L. Ferguson, Z. Li, D.X. Schwam and B.J. Smith, “Engineered Heat Treatment for Stronger Aerospace Gears”, Gear Solutions, v4n40, pp 24-37, 50, July 2006.
  18. B.L. Ferguson, Z. Li and A.M. Freborg, “Software Tool for Vacuum Carburization Process Set-Up”, Vacuum Carburizing & High Pressure Gas Quenching Conference, ASMI-HTS, Worcester, MA, September 2006.
  19. A.M. Freborg, B.L. Ferguson, Z. Li, D.X. Schwam, and B.J. Smith, "Bending Fatigue Strength Improvement of Carburized Aerospace Gears", American Helicopter Society 62nd Annual Forum, Phoenix, 2006.
  20. B. Lynn Ferguson, Andrew M. Freborg and Zhichao Li, "Residual Stress and Heat Treatment – Process Design for Bending Fatigue Strength Improvement of Carburized Aerospace Gears”, Quenching and Control of Distortion,  Proceedings of the 5th International Conference and European Conference on Heat Treatment, eds. Johann Grosch, Jorg Kleff and Thomas Lubben, Berlin, Germany,  pp 95-104, 2007.
  21. Scott MacKenzie, Zhichao Li and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Effect of Quenchant Flow on the Distortion of Carburized Automotive Pinion Gears”, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference and European Conference on Heat Treatment, eds. Johann Grosch, Jorg Kleff and Thomas Lubben, Berlin, Germany,  pp 119-129, 2007.
  22. A.M. Freborg, Z. Li, and B.L. Ferguson, “Assesing Heat Treatment Distortion Sensitivity”, Proceedings of the 24th ASM-HTS Conference, Detroit, pp 115-125, 2007
  23. Andrew Banka, Jeff Franklin, Zhichao Li, Blake L. Ferguson, and Michael Aronov, “Applying CFD to Characterize Gear Response during Intensive Quenching Process”, Proceedings of the 24th ASM-HTS Conference, Detroit, pp 147-155, 2007
  24. B. Lynn Ferguson, Andrew M. Freborg, and Zhichao Li, “Improving Gear Performance by Intensive Quench”, Proceedings of the 24th ASM-HTS Conference, Detroit, pp 156-162, 2007
  25. Zhichao Li, Andrew M. Freborg, B. Lynn Ferguson,, “Effective Design of Heat Treat Processes Using Computer Simulations”, Proceedings of the 24th ASM-HTS Conference, Detroit, pp 205-213, 2007
  26. Zhichao Li, Andrew Freborg and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Applications of Modeling to Heat Treat Processes”, Heat Treating Progress, 8(3), ASM International, pp 28-33, 2008.
  27. Andrew Banka, et al., “CFD and FEA Used to Improve The Quenching Process”, Heat Treating Progress, 8(5), ASM International, pp 50-56, 2008.
  28. B. Lynn Ferguson and Zhichao Li, “Using Simulation for Heat Treat Process Design: Matching the Quenching Process with Steel Grade and Product Geometry”, ICTPMCS-2010, 31 May – 2 June 2010, Shanghai, China.
  29. D. Scott MacKenzie, B. Lynn Ferguson, “Effect of Alloy on the Distortion of Oil Quenched Automotive Pinion Gears”, ICTPMCS-2010, 31 May – 2 June 2010, Shanghai, China.
  30. LI Zhichao, FERGUSON B. Lynn, “Computer Modeling and Validations of Steel Gear Heat Treatment Processes Using Commercial Software DANTE”, J. Shanghai Jiaotong Univ. (Sci.), 16(2), pp 152-156, 2011.
  31. Zhichao (Charlie) Li, and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Controlling Gear Distortion and Residual Stresses during Induction Hardening”, presented at 2011 AGMA Technical Conference, Cincinnati, November, 2011.
  32. Zhichao Li and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Simulation of Gas Quenching of Steel Parts,” 3rd International Conference on Distortion Engineering 2011, Bremen, Germany.
  33. Valery Rudnev, “Computer Modeling Helps Prevent Failures of Heat Treated Components”, Advanced Materials & Processes, pp 28-33, October, 2011.
  34. A. Freborg, B. Ferguson and Z. Li, “Predicting Distortion and Residual Stress in a Vacuum Carburized and Gas Quenched Steel Coupon,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  35. Z. Li, B. Lynn Ferguson, and A. Freborg, “Modeling Application to Reduce Distortion of a Carburized and Quenched Steel Gear,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  36. B. Lynn Ferguson and D. Scott MacKenzie, “Effect of Oil Condition on Pinion Gear Distortion,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  37. B. Lynn Ferguson, Z. Li, Valentin Nemkov, and Robert Goldstein, “Stress and Deformation during Induction Hardening of Tubular Products,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  38. D.S. Baker, J.G. Speer, C.J. Van Tyne, and D.K. Matlock, “Relationship Between Heat Transfer and Residual Stresses In Three Carburizing Steels,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  39. B. Lynn Ferguson, Andrew Freborg, and Zhichao Li, “Probe Design to Characterize Heat Transfer during Quenching Process,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  40. Valentin Nemkov, Robert Goldstein, Lynn Ferguson, Zhichao Li, “Stresses and Distortions During Scan Induction Case Hardening of Thick Tube,” Proceedings of XVII Congress UIE-2012, St. Petersburg, Russia, pp 104-111, 2012.
  41. B. Lynn Ferguson, Z. Li, Valentin Nemkov, and Robert Goldstein, “Stress and Deformation during Induction Hardening of Tubular Products,” Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, ASMI-HTS, IFHTSE & IWT, September 2012.
  42. B.L. Ferguson, “Thermal Processing of Aluminum Alloys,” Final Report for NCMS Project 130175, November 2012.
  43. Andrew M. Freborg and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Analysis and Experience using Process Modeling for Developing New and Corrective Heat Treat Schedules for Deep Case Carburizing,” HTS Technical Conference, Indianapolis, 2013.
  44. Andrew L. Banka, B.L. Ferguson, D. Scott MacKenzie, “Evaluation of Flow Fields and Orientation Effects Around Ring Geometries During Quenching,” JMEP, 22(7), pp 1816-1825, 2013.
  45. Valentin Nemkov, Robert Goldstein, John Jackowski, Lynn Ferguson, Zhichao Li, “Stress and Distortion Evolution During Induction Case Hardening of Tube,” JMEP, 22(7), pp 1826-1832, 2013.
  46. Zhichao Li, Andrew M. Freborg, Bruce D. Hansen, T.S. Srivatsan, “Modeling the Effect of Carburization and Quenching on the Development of Residual Stresses and Bending Fatigue Resistance of Steel Gears,” JMEP, 22(3), pp 664-672, 2013.
  47. Zhichao Li and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Process Innovation to Eliminate Cracking Problems in Large Diameter Parts with Nonuniform Wall Thickness,” HTS Technical Conference, Indianapolis, 2013.
  48. Z. Li and B.L. Ferguson, "Gas Quenching Process Optimization to Minimize Distortion of a Thin-Walled Ring Gear by Simulation", HTM: Journal of Heat Treatment and Materials, 68(1), pp 35-41, 2013.
  49. B. Lynn Ferguson, Andrew M. Freborg, David Schwam, and James McGuffin-Cawley, "Computer Modeling of Age Hardening Processes for 7075 Aluminum Components", MS&T Conference Proceedings, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, pp 134-142, 2013
  50. David Schwam, James McGuffin-Cawley, B. Lynn Ferguson, and Andrew M. Freborg, "Data Development for Modeling Heat Treatment of 7075 Aluminum Alloy Components", MS&T Conference Proceedings, Montreal, Quebec, Canada,                pp 143-152, 2013
  51. Zhichao Li, B. Lynn Ferguson, Valentin Nemkov, Robert Goldstein, John Jackowski and Greg Fett, “Effect of Quenching Rate on Distortion and Residual Stresses During Induction Hardening of a Full-Float Truck Axle,” JMEP, 23(12), pp 4170-4180, 2014.
  52. B. Lynn Ferguson, Zhichao Li and Andrew Freborg, “Simulating the Manufacturing Process Chain,” 21st IFHTSE Conference, Munich, 2014.
  53. Zhichao Li, B. Lynn Ferguson, Robert Goldstein, John Jackowski, Valentin Nemkov, and Greg Fett, “Stress Generation in an Axle Shaft during Induction Hardening,” HTS-IFHTSE Conference, Orlando, 2014.
  54. B. Lynn Ferguson, Zhichao Li and Andrew Freborg, “Modeling Heat Treatment of 7075 Aluminum Components,” HTS-IFHTSE Conference, Orlando, 2014.
  55. B. Lynn Ferguson, Zhichao Li and Andrew M. Freborg, “Characterizing Water Quenching Systems with a Quench Probe,”  JMEP, 23(12), pp 4197-4201, 2014.
  56. B. Lynn Ferguson, Justin Sims, Z. Charlie Li, Valentin Nemkov, Robert Goldstein and John Jackowski, “Effect of Steel Hardenability on Stress Formation in an Induction Hardened Axle Shaft,” HTS2015 Conference Proceedings, Detroit, ASM-HTS, October, 2015.
  57. Zhichao (Charlie) Li, B. Lynn Ferguson, David Greif, Zlatko Kovacic, Simon Urbas, and Rok Kopun, “Coupling CFD and Oil Quench Hardening Analysis of Gear Component,” HTS2015 Conference Proceedings, Detroit, ASM-HTS, October, 2015.
  58. Arthur C. Reardon, Andrew Freborg, Z. Charlie Li and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Understanding Process Sensitivities in Press Quenching: An Integrated Approach,” HTS2015 Conference Proceedings, Detroit, ASM-HTS, October, 2015.
  59. Zhichao Li, Andrew M. Freborg, and B. Lynn Ferguson, “Press Quench Process Design for a Bevel Gear using Computer Modeling,” Proceedings of the 23rd IFHTSE Congress, Savannah, pp 78-87, 2016.
  60. B. Lynn Ferguson, Andrew M. Freborg, and Zhichao Li, “Residual Stress and Bending Fatigue Strength in Carburized and Quench Hardened Pyrowear 53 Steel Gears,” Proceedings of the 23rd IFHTSE Congress, Savannah, pp 374-381, 2016.
  61. A.M. Freborg, Z. Li, and B. L. Ferguson, “Using Heat Treatment Simulation to Characterize Sensitivity of Quench Hardening Response in Hot Mill Steel Work Rolls,” Proceedings of the 23rd IFHTSE Congress, Savannah, pp 428-433, 2016.
  62. Zhichao (Charlie) Li, Andrew Freborg, and Lynn Ferguson, "Effect of Preheat on Improving Benificial Surface Residual Stresses During Induction Hardening Process," MSEC 2016 Proceedings, Blacksburg, Virginia, 2016.